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Setting up a Network or Configuring Your Regular Wireless b/g Router Using Broadband (DSL, Cable, Satellite and Mobile (also known as 3G))
Problems, described in detail at the bottom of this article, may include:
* Stopping access point roaming.
* No guarantee of DHCP pass through.
These first instructions-- for bridging wireless clients to a wired LAN and wireless routers.
*To Configure Your Wireless Router as an Access Point (this is the router pictured on the left in the figure below, I shall refer to it as Wireless Router #2/Access Point. If you are using only 1 Wireless Router please read directions anyway, many still apply. See "Notes" at the bottom of page to connect using "USB" or "PCMCIA PC Card" Mobile Broadband (3G) or a 3G Mobile Phone (Blackberry, IPhone,....)
Important: Do not connect the wireless router #2/access point to your network yet, as it may have the same IP address as router #1 that's now connected to the Internet. See "Notes" at the bottom of page to connect using "USB" or "PCMCIA PC Card" Mobile Broadband (3G), but go ahead and configure your Wireless Router #2/Access Point first, if you are using a second router.
*If you are not using a second router your router should be wireless and should be connected and configured as the router pictured below on the right, also referred to as router #1, leaving out wireless router #2/access point (Skip steps 1,2,4 unless there is already a conflict).
1. If the wireless router (#2)/access point is in the default state with a Configuration Assistant running, disable
or skip it. Use the default IP address to access the router - usually "192.168.1.1"
and you will need to also know the default user name and password - usually "admin" and "password" - check your manual or online at www.(theroutermanufacturer).com. These will reset to default by pushing the RESET on the back of your router with an ink pen or paper clip.
2. If there's a cable on the wireless router (#2)/access point WAN port, it needs to be disconnected (permanently).
3. Configure the wireless router (#2)/access point with a wired PC, as shown.
4. Change the IP address of the wireless router (#2)/access point.
5. Disable the DHCP server of the wireless router (#2)/access point. Only one DHCP server should be used on the network.
6. Connect a LAN port on the wireless router (#2)/access point to a LAN port on the router, as shown
7. Configure SSID on wireless router (#2)/access point and wireless PCs so that they are the same.
1. Be careful not to use duplicate IPs within your network. (You will usually be told this by your computer.)
2. The DHCP server used by the router #1 that is not the wireless router (#2)/access point should not have the IP address of the wireless router (#2)/access point in its DHCP range of IP pool (to avoid accidentally giving out a duplicate IP address).
3. If the router #1 that is not wireless router (#2)/access point is also wireless:
* Use different SSIDs.
4. If the router #1 with Internet access is also wireless, you should configure different wireless channels on each device. Use the non-overlapping wireless channels 1,6, and 11 to avoid wireless interference. Note: wireless router (#2)/access point is only necessary if you need to extend your network. Eg. You are having a problem receiving your wireless signal in the yard, the garage, in the basement, in a multi-story home, or you share with a neighbor/relative nearby,...
*To Configure the Wireless Router #2 with Internet Access
Connect to one of the wireless router #2/access point's LAN Ethernet ports, turn off its DHCP server, and give the wireless router a static IP on your LAN:
1. Connect a PC directly to a LAN port on the wireless router #2 with an Ethernet cable.
2. Power on the wireless router #2/access point.
3. Reboot the PC. (this step might not be necessary)
4. Log in to the wireless router though a browser. (Usually 192.168.1.1, with User Name = admin and Password = password, unless you changed them from the defaults or yours differs).
5. Go to the LAN IP menu and disable the wireless access points DHCP server by unchecking Use router as DHCP server.
6. Select LAN IP, and change the IP to 192.168.1.99
7. Click Apply to save the settings. You will lose the connection to the wireless router/access point , since its IP changed.
8. Log in to the wireless router/access point with the URL: http://192.168.1.99
9. Connect one of the wireless router's Local (LAN) ports to your existing network.
*This completes the wireless router #2/access point configuration.
* You can now log in to the wireless router #2/access point at its new address of http://192.168.1.99 and configure wireless features such as WEP and Access Control List
* UPnP, DMZ, Port Forwarding, and Port Triggering are not used on the wireless router #2/access point, and it doesn't matter how they are configured, these are configured on router #1.
(I will list some of these settings in the future if interested or e-mail them to you.)
1. Configure the LAN IP address to be within the same subnet as your PCs. Note: Some ISPs tell you to check off "Obtain IP Address Automatically".
a. Take care not to use an IP address already being used.
b. Limit the number of addresses in the DHCP range and assign an IP address outside of the range to the router you want to use as the Access Point.
2. Disable DHCP on the wireless router #2/access point.
3. Connect one of the LAN ports on the wireless router #2/access point to a LAN port on Router #1.
4. Configure the SSID and any security settings on the wireless PCs to match the wireless router #2/access point's SSID and security settings. Run the network setup wizard on your main PC first then copy it to your other PCs. Remember to name each PC a different name but the Network name is the same on all PCs (in other words change MSHOME, which is the default)
a. SSIDs must be the same on all wireless PCs. (These are case-sensitive: netGEAR is not the same as NETGEAR.)
b. Tip: Make sure the wireless PCs can connect before configuring WEP, WPA-PSK, or other wireless encryption. I found that the flawless way to setup is to NOT use Static IP addresses for your computers on the router settings but to use MAC FILTERING on the routers. eg. (0009BCAEDB2). Turn on all your PCs (desktop and laptop/notebooks) and turn ON their wireless devices. Let the router detect them using MAC FILTERING and add them. Please setup WEP, WPA-PSK or other wireless encryption on the router and note the key so that you can hand it out to those visiting with laptops so that they can still log on, meanwhile you will be automatically connected.
1. DHCP configuration may not work reliably because the wireless router #2/access point may not correctly relay DHCP information from the router. Workaround: Use static IPs on the wireless PCs.
2. If your computers use static IPs, make sure the gateway is the IP address of the router #1 connected to the Internet, ie: 192.168.1.1
3. The routers DHCP server IP range may overlap the statically assigned IP address of the wireless router #2/access point. Workaround: Limit the DHCP range, and set the static IPs outside of the DHCP range.
*Notes- Using "USB" or "PCMCIA PC Card" Mobile Broadband (3G) with a router
1. If the router is in the default state with a Configuration Assistant running, disable or skip it.
2. Configure the wireless router with a wired PC (with an ethernet cable to one of the router's LAN ports, not the WAN port.
3. Change the IP address of a wireless router if there is a conflict with your ISP..
4. Enable the DHCP server of the router. Remember only one DHCP server should be used on a network.
5. If needed connect a LAN port on a wireless router to any non-wireless PCs (except the PC in which you will connect the USB or PCMCIA PC Card Mobile Broadband (3G) to), as shown pictured below.
6. Connect the PC in which you will connect the USB or PCMCIA PC Card Mobile Broadband (3G) to the WAN port of the router with an ethernet cable (this PC doesn't need to be wireless), as shown pictured below, the Router #1 WAN port to the PCs Ethernet port.
7. Connect the USB or PCMCIA PC Card Mobile Broadband (3G) to the PC in step 6 and install any software according to your ISPs directions if you have not already done so. Restart your PC if needed.
8. Run the Network setup wizard on this computer first, making sure you name this computer different than any other PC and the Network name the same as any other PCs/Router SSID. Select sharing internet on this PC and also Sharing Files and Printer, if desired.
9. Run the Network setup wizard on other PCs making sure you name each PC different than any other PC and the Network name the same as any other PCs/Router SSID. Select connect to internet through another PC and Files and Printer sharing, if desired.
3G Broadband and Router Guide Illustrated
My actual setup using a Linksys WRT54G Wireless-G Broadband Router:
I have pictures of my defunct Wireless Router below for reference.
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